An Introduction to the Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)
An infection that people contract through sexual activity is known as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). The same infection used to be known as a venereal disease (VD) and a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and may still be referred to by these names. Several infections fall under this category with one very well-known and feared infection being HIV/AIDS. However, HIV/AIDS is not more prevalent than other infections, such as Chlamydia.
Why STDs Are So Worrisome
What is it about STD that makes it so scary? For one, it can lead to death if it is not treated. It can also lead to infertility or cancer. This means that if people believe that they have been exposed to an STD, they will need to visit a healthcare professional promptly to submit to testing for STD.
What Are the Symptoms of STDs?
STD symptoms vary based on the type of infection that people have. For Gonorrhea, the symptoms are an unusual discharge and a burning sensation upon urination. Women will experience irregular periods. Those who may have Syphilis may notice a hard chancre sore at the location where sexual contact took place. Women may have Chlamydia without experiencing any symptoms, but those who do may urinate more often, experience painful urination, lower abdominal inflammation and pain and a discharge from the vagina. A lot of men do not have symptoms of Chlamydia, but common signs are painful urination and a discharge from the penis.
What Is Herpes?
One STI that people hear about often is Herpes. After contracting this STI, people will live with it for the rest of their lives. With Herpes, the affected experience periods when the virus is inactive, but it is still present, and it will appear again when people least expect it. For example, if someone is experiencing a particularly stressful time, this stress may lead to an outbreak of the infection.
Diagnosing and Treating STIs
In order to diagnose any of the infections described above, people will need to make an appointment with their doctors. This seems obvious, but they avoid doing so because they are embarrassed. The consequences will be too great if they fail to do this, so making an appointment and talking about it will be less painful in the long term. The healthcare professional will do a blood test or culture the area for a lab test, and the proper treatment will be prescribed.