Types of Personality Disorders

Personality Disorders

The Multiple Faces Of Personality Disorders

In the world of personality disorders, of which there are many multiple manifestations and expressions, long-term difficulties in forming and keeping relationships and being a part of society are fully apparent by the time an afflicted person reaches adulthood.

Personality Disorders And Their Respective Symptoms
A personality disorder may appear in one specific form, or it may share its characteristics with several other behavior patterns. An accurate diagnosis sometimes becomes difficult as symptoms many times overlap one another. However, one common denominator stands out: a consistent difficulty in getting along with others.

  • Avoidant
  • Antisocial
  • Borderline
  • Dependent
  • Narcissistic
  • Obsessive-Compulsive
  • Paranoid
  • Schizoid

 

Avoidant: This person is extremely sensitive to the comments and perceived thoughts of others; consequently, a social anxiety results. Over time, social isolation develops and lacking a social support network to help them through the many crises in life, they often fantasize about having ideal relationships.

At times, they shun engaging in new activities as they may prove embarrassing. According to a 2002 report, this form of disorder is diagnosed 2.4 percent of the time in the general population.

Antisocial: This person exhibits a propensity to disobey rules and designated authority in their lives. Sometimes, not having a regard for others and their feelings, they are frequently aggressive, turn violent and enter a state of social anxiety. Generally, they have been involved with drug or alcohol abuse in their past.

Borderline: This disorder typically exhibits mild to extreme mood changes. Moreover, a person may choose inappropriate friendships in their underlying fear of being left alone, and they often threaten to take their own life.

Dependent: Found more commonly in women than in men, this disorder manifests by having a fear of being left alone or being alone; moreover, an accompanying restlessness develops with difficulty in making decisions.

Narcissistic: These persons are totally centered on themselves and their perceived self-importance. They also tend to manipulate their relationships and show arrogance in their actions.

Obsessive-Compulsive: Perfectionists, they often drive people away with their inflexibility.

Paranoid: Typically unforgiving, they have explosive temperaments and envision themselves as being persecuted.

Schizoid: Mostly withdrawn, these persons are centered on their own thoughts and fear intimate relationships. Also, they often engage in complete conversations with themselves.

Multiple Approaches To Treating Personality Disorders
Even as a house may have various methods to obtain structural repairs, there are many methods today being used in dealing with multiple personality disorders. However, the fact remains that if a person does not seek treatment, an accurate diagnosis with the appropriate protocol of treatment is not possible.

That being said, the predominant course of treatment used today is one that leads an afflicted person to cease in the denial of their condition and encourages them to get help. No matter the method used, psychotherapy, dialectical behavior therapy or mentalization-based therapy, people commonly do get healed and eventually recover from these personality disorders.