Common Mental Health Disorders
In developed countries, mental illness is actually more common than chronic diseases like diabetes and cancer. People with mental disorders might not be in any physical pain, but they still struggle to cope with everyday life. Most individuals who suffer from a mental illness have to seek treatment to get better. With that being said, here are some of the most common mental health disorders that people suffer from.
An eating disorder, such as bulimia and anorexia, occurs when someone is so preoccupied with food and weight that it takes over her life. Eating disorders can cause a person to become extremely underweight and suffer from a lot of physical problems. The majority of people with eating disorder are females, but males can also develop this disorder. Common treatments for an eating disorder include nutrition education, psychotherapy and medication. If an eating disorder is serious enough, hospitalization is required.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, also known as ADHD, affects millions of people, especially children. A person who suffers from this disorder has difficulty concentrating, can’t sit still for long periods of time and is often forgetful. Having this disorder can make a person’s life more difficult because he can have trouble interacting with others and often struggle in the classroom. The most common type of treatment for ADHD patients is medication.
Depression is one of the most common mental disorders and is categorized by persistent feelings of extreme sadness. People who suffer from this mental illness lose interest in normal activities, cry for no apparent reason, feel tired all the time and have trouble concentrating. If this mental disorder is not treated, it can lead to alcohol and substance abuse, relationships difficulties, social isolation and even suicide. Luckily, there are many treatments available for depression including medication, psychotherapy and hospitalization.
Drug addiction is a serious illness and affects millions of people worldwide. People who are addicted to drugs are not able to control their drug use despite the harm they cause. If someone is addicted to drugs long enough, he will experience serious consequences including problems with the law, issues with family members and long-term health problems. Counseling sessions and self-help groups can help a person overcome his addiction problems.