Cancer Research

About Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment

Abnormal cell growth is the most significant sign of cancer. Researchers estimate that there are more than 100 different types of cancer that affect different body systems. Cancer symptoms depend on the type of cancer a patient has. The most common types of cancer are breast, colon, skin, prostate, cervical, and lung.

Early intervention is vital to proper treatment for cancer. Treatment options include surgery, hormone therapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Doctors may use a combination of therapies and surgery to treat cancer patients. The way the cancer responds to treatments determines which ones are used. Treatments can lead to a patient’s cancer going into remission, but some forms of cancer are incurable. If a patient has an incurable cancer, proper treatment can help them live longer.

Some experts argue that there is no cure for cancer, but proper intervention and treatment can cause the cancer to go into remission. This means that the cancer is eliminated, but there is a chance that it can come back. The recurrence could be in the same area of the body, or the cancer could form in a different area of the body. Doctors encourage patients in remission to embrace their recovery and continue to get routine check-ups. It is not uncommon for cancer to recur and spread quickly. Proper screenings can increase the likelihood for putting the cancer in remission again. Patients that have at least five years of being cancer-free are generally deemed cured of cancer.

The Cancer Institute has a wealth of educational resources about cancer for those diagnosed with the disease and their families. The information includes alternative treatments and traditional treatment options. You can also locate information on living with terminal cancer or being supportive for a loved one that is terminally ill.

Doctors screen patients about their medical history. Most people discover they have cancer by means of a physical examination and routine lab tests. Patients with a family history have a higher possibility of developing cancer. Always answer medical history questions truthfully and accurately. Doctors may perform additional tests if they suspect you are at risk for developing cancer. Many cancer patients do not have obvious signs of cancer at the time of their screenings and diagnoses. The importance of early intervention cannot be stressed enough.