Everything You Should Know About Asthma
Asthma is a common disease in the lungs that has no real cure. It occurs when there is an inflammation in the bronchial tubes, which narrows the air passageway making it difficult to breathe. When a person suffers an asthma attack, there is a large amount of mucus coating the walls of the airway, which makes it hard for the lungs to get the regular amount of air they should. When the airways are sensitive, they will react to things such as cigarette smoke, pet hair and dander, cologne, cold or wet air, anxiety and physical activity.
To tell you a bit about asthma, almost 300 million people have problems with asthma today. Allergy and asthma symptoms can be very common and often go hand-in-hand. Even though asthma affects men and women equally, children and asthma is a more common scenario. Generally, asthma manifests in children during the early childhood years.
Asthma symptoms can include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and shortness of breath. An asthma attack is usually mild, and a rescue inhaler can usually control the asthma attack. The beta 2-agonists in the inhaler helps open up the airways by relaxing the muscles, which allows oxygen to enter normally. A severe attack can be deadly if it is not taken care of immediately. When there is a lack of oxygen, the organs become affected in a negative way.
As of today, there is no true cure for asthma, but people with asthma can live a normal life. Treatment of asthma symptoms is necessary to keep the asthma under control. If asthma goes untreated after several attacks, it can cause damage to the lungs and heart over time.
There are several ways to keep asthma under control. The best way to prevent the attacks is to avoid what is causing the attacks to trigger. However, this can only be accomplished by understanding what is causing the attacks to come on. A general awareness of asthma can help an asthmatic find ways to avoid it.
The causes of asthma can be different for each person. It can be a blend of genetics, food allergies, the environment and biological factors such as hormones. The normal triggers for asthma are dust mites, perfumes, cosmetics, pet hair and dander and pollen from plants.
The main warning sign of asthma is a cough. One may feel an annoying tickle in their throat that gets worse at night, or they may have a frequent cough that gets worse over time. Rapid breathing or feeling short of breath is another sign of asthma. Additionally, an asthma patient may find it difficult to get a good sleep.
Anytime you experience asthma symptoms, you should consult your doctor. Although the doctor cannot cure you, they can give you a prescription for regular medication as well as lifestyle and environmental changes that will allow you to live normally. Never ignore asthma, as it can lead to death.